On the other hand, conducting the routine work of the State by the Wali, though virtually he ceased practicing his powers and authority, and the anti-merger agitation and campaign of letters and signatures worried those who had worked against the Wali. They proceeded and contacted the political leaders, who had already co-operated with them and some officials so that the proclamation may not be abrogated.

A spokesman of the Afghan Government, bitterly protesting, stated that the merger of the States would have no validity unless Yahya got the consent of the Pukhtun people. Responding the statement, a spokesman of the Pakistan Foreign Office said that the measure was entirely within the domestic jurisdiction of Pakistan and that the step had been taken in compliance with the persistent demand of the people of these States voiced for long, through public meetings, press statements, telegrams and petitions to the government.

The merger was proclaimed in the aforementioned manner. Neither proper planning for materialisation of the plan of the merger had been done, nor the would-be problems and consequences were properly assessed. This became the bone of all the adverse effects and consequences. Announcement of the merger was made on July 28, 1969 and the Gazette notification, wherein Regulation 3 tided "Rulers shall cease to exercise administrative functions etc", had been done on 15,thAugust 1969. There too no "officer, person, authority" had been appointed or empowered to exercise and perform the powers and functions of the Rulers. It was in a secret notification dated Lahore the 16th August 1969 that the Commissioner of Malakand Division was empowered "...to exercise and perform subject to the general supervision and direction of the Government all the powers and functions which immediately before the commencement of the said Regulation were being exercised and performed by the Rulers of the specified territories".

So, proclamation of the merger created total confusion in Swat. In fact Swat became a land of lawlessness and uncertainty. A sort of anarchy prevailed. It should be mentioned here that though the State was merged, legally the Wali yet possessed all powers and authority. He looked after the routine works but practically ceased to exercise his powers and perform all his functions. Because in his own words "... people know that the State has been merged, so I have no authority". On the other hand no one possessed legal authority to exercise and perform the Wali's powers and functions. Administrative officers of the State were also confused due to the uncertain situation.The Swatis faced a unique situation with the merger of the State due to the new administrative set¬up and change in the mode of administration. Since then, in the new bureaucratic set-up, no one acknowledges himself responsible. Each one excuses that it is neither his jurisdiction nor his responsibility. Though practically they have certain limitations, the new mode and policy of administration is to pass the time better not to solve the problems. That is why mass mismanagement and insecurity of life and property and comparatively more corruption, injustice, plunder of natural resources and so forth are the further clear and visible signs of the new set-up. It should be admitted in all fairness that though autocrat the Walis were excellent administrators and they ruled efficiently for most of the period.

Previously there was no red-tapism. Every thing was done quickly. The developmental projects were completed very well and in quite a short period but with the merger, the new administrators turned deaf ears to the development of Swat. Commissioner of Malakand Division, Sayyad Munir Hussain, wrote a note "further developmental works are no more needed in Swat. They are more than sufficient (emphasis added); we should have only to maintain them. Consequently, developmental works came to a standstill. Proper maintenance of roads and other existed works faded away. Free of cost facilities of health and education was withdrawn. Inverse development took place and instead of climbing to zenith the Swatis fell into abyss with the introduction of "Pakistanism". The situation deteriorated in all respects.

The social set-up shook at once, because the change came all of a sudden and the previous strict control did not remain intact. Previously the non-Swatis were bound to give a surety bond for residing in Swat, that they will not indulge in unwanted acts and activities. They were not allowed to purchase land in Swat but with the permission of the Wali, which he had granted in some special cases. Even to run business and industry they had to provide surety bonds and so forth.

But as a corollary of the merger all those sanctions and restrictions faded away. Influx of non-Swatis came and settled in Swat. It created problems of the rapid growth of the population of Swat. Rapid and unplanned expansion of the city of Mingawara and the adjoining settlements took place, which caused various problems for the people of Swat and the Municipal Committee as well. Prices of land went up due to the influx and pressure from all over the country. River Swat became polluted and the Swati Society is being engulfed by various vices.

Disputes of the ownership of land emerged on a large scale. Because those whose lands were occupied forcibly, or on some other reasons, by the ruling family and the powerful Khans, either attempted to regain their lands or filed writs for them. While the Gujars, who were mostly tenants and possessed no land by virtue of their descent," took advantage of the new set-up and of the Pakistan Peoples Party announcements and claimed ownership of the land, which they occupied. Even those who had sold their land reclaimed them on the plea that these had been confiscated, and some age-old land disputes were also renewed. All these disputes aggravated the situation and caused some unwanted incidents and losses. A "Land Commission" was appointed but of no avail.

Mass deforestation occurred. Because forests were ruthlessly destroyed by contractors on one hand, for squeezing more wealth, and on the other by the people themselves which were previously kept under pressure and strict control and got freedom all of a sudden. There was no check, neither on the contractors nor on the people, so the unbounded freedom was highly misused.